Eucalyptus is a native tree to Australia with over 500 species. growing Eucalyptus can be quick not like the other types of trees, especially between mid-spring and mid-summer, with the right conditions.
Eucalyptus is mostly used as an ornamental tree in gardens considering its huge size and exotic aspect, but it also has so many other uses.
For instance, it can be used as a remedy for cold, you can dry its branches and use them for crafts, or you can simply grow it to make eucalyptus syrup for your cocktails.
Growing Eucalyptus From Cuttings
Growing Eucalyptus from cuttings is pretty simple, even though not very common. All you need is a small cutting from a Eucalyptus mother plant (about 5-6 inches) that you will plant in your pot.
Right conditions are essential for this form of growing; your plant will need to be placed somewhere warm and sunny to promote its growth and give a healthy and strong plant.
That said, growing Eucalyptus from seeds is best since the success rate is much higher than growing them from cuttings. And this is why we are going to focus on it and elaborate each step.
Growing Eucalyptus From Seeds
After buying your seeds, you want to cool them by putting them in a refrigerator for about two months.
This process is called seed stratification, and it is nothing else but stimulating natural conditions that seeds need to experience before germination (also called winter dormancy).
When to plant Eucalyptus?
The best time to plant Eucalyptus seeds is in late winter, which is why you have to mark your last expected frost date on your calendar to avoid forgetting about it (you can easily check it in different meteorological websites)
Your Eucalyptus seeds should be planted in pots few weeks before this date.
To plant your seeds, it is very important to use peat pots. They are environment-friendly and will give you the ability to avoid harming your plant during transplanting.
You should also use potting soil with lots of perlites to ensure proper draining, insulation, and aeration.
Fill your peat pots with potting soil, put on some few seeds on top, and cover them with horticultural sand to keep the seeds warm and moist and improve their growth.
First of all, Eucalyptus plants need moisture to grow, which is why your seeds need to be misted regularly (every one or two days)
They also need warmth. For this, you can try and make your own heat mat for germinating plants (you can find many DIYs on YouTube), or you can use a heating pad if you have one.
A simpler solution is to put your pots on the top of your refrigerator as it has a heat exchanger coil, which produces heat and keeps it warm.
Now that your seedlings are starting to grow, and before transplanting them, you have to make sure that your plants are going to be strong and healthy ones.
For that, use sterilized scissors to cut the weak seedlings in each pot. You should transplant only the thick and large ones.
Transplanting The Seedlings
Transplanting the seedlings should be done by mid-summer because this time of the year offers the perfect conditions for the growth of a Eucalyptus plant.
Sun is essential for an efficient growth, and a Eucalyptus plant needs several hours of direct sunlight to grow in healthy conditions (up to 8 hours).
This is why you should transplant your seedlings outside to a sunny area that is not exposed to strong winds as they can easily harm the plant.
Tips for Transplanting the Seedlings
- Spread compost over the whole transplanting area to make it able to retain water and nutrients and help your Eucalyptus tree growing.
- Dig holes with slightly bigger dimensions than your peat pots for them to fit in. Also, make sure the holes are far away from each other (2 to 3 meters) as the trees will grow really big.
- Finally, put your peat pots in the soil et press some of it around them. Water them to help them stick to the ground.
Tips For Taking Care of Your Eucalyptus Tree
- Use mulch: Using mulch will protect your tree by helping the soil to retain moisture as well as control is temperature. Not to mention that it will also keep away weeds.
- Keep a moist soil: For this, you will have to water your tree at least once a week. Because, even if Eucalyptus can tolerate drought, you want them to grow in the best conditions, and those require a constantly moist soil.
- Fertilize your plants: Fertilizers are known to have many benefits, such as helping to improve the soil’s structure and enhance the tree’s growth. Once a week, water your trees with water mixed with fertilizer (preferably a liquid one)
We hope the information provided in this article will help you grow your Eucalyptus tree and take good care of it!