How To Build A Small Waterfall In Your Backyard

Many homeowners are looking for indications in order to build a small waterfall, and why not?

Having a waterfall in your yard with the splendid sound of trickling water is amazing. The use of local stone can give it a natural look, and it’s not very pricey. 

Therefore, we tried to look for easy ways to build a small waterfall and share them with you, so that all of you who are interested in a cascading waterfall can profit from them. 

Image result for small stone waterfall

All you need to do is to follow these instructions:

Two Different Ways to Organize the Rocks

You could create a low-cost waterfall that requires 25 to 30 stones. However, there is more than 1 solution to creating a small waterfall with natural rocks. Using 25 to 30 stones might be a bit too much for some people. 

Another style of small waterfall consists of a series of steps (rock ledges). The water falls through these stages making its way to the pond.

If you want three steps waterfall, all you’ll need are three big, flat rocks (they better be rectangular or oblong in shape), plus other extra rocks that you’ll need to use as spacers between the steps and to cover up the bottom of the waterfall.

Image result for small stone waterfall

Project Directions

  • To start, dig up a pond into the ground, as demonstrated in this tutorial. It has to be seven inches deep and a diameter of two feet.
  • Now, build up a base for the natural rock. This base won’t be seen, therefore it doesn’t matter if it’s attractive or not. Afterward, place two bricks at the bottom, then set a cinder block on top of the bricks
  • When done with the base, start working with the natural stone. The first step is to place one of the large, flat rocks on top of the cinder block.
  • When done with the first step, place a couple of smaller rocks that will serve as spacers (these will separate one step from the next). 
Small Waterfall
  • Lay the second stair above the spacer rocks. The first stair will stick furthest over the surface of the pond, while the third step will recede the farthest back. The second one will fall somewhere in between.
  • Duplicate to create the third stair.
  • It’s okay if they’re not perfectly organized. You are dealing with a natural material, so expect imperfection. But as you lay the steps and “play around” with how they are situated, do try to make them tilt forward slightly, so that the waterfalls down the pond perfectly.
  • Now fill the pond with water and install the pump at the bottom of the pond. You’ll need to have a GFCI outlet nearby.
  • Connect the tubing to the pump.
  • Hide the pump tubing under the bricks and behind the cinder block.
Build A Small Waterfall
  • Bring the tubing up out of the water, then pull it up to the third step.
  • Insert the tubing under the third step, and make sure it will be out of view.
  • Put a small rock under the third stair in the end of the tubing right where you want it.
  • Turn on the pump to test your small waterfall. You can adjust it as necessary until you get your desired cascade. To hide the base, use any leftover rocks (or plants), the electrical cord for the pump, or any other features you’d prefer to hide.

Adding Plants

The next step is to choose what plant you should use in and around the pond that the waterfall will spill into.

First of all, let’s make a little distinction between two kinds of plants commonly used for small waterfalls: 

  • Aquatic plants
  • Plants that grow in wet soil

Note: Technically, there is a third type of plant known as a “marginal” plant, like the papyrus plant. This type of plant does not survive in deep water, but it will grow just fine at the edges or “margins” of a pond, that is, in shallow water.

Moreover, it’s better to grow the plants at the top of the water of the pond. An example would be a water lily.

This one type of plant is what beginners immediately think of when they think of water gardens. But for a more natural and amazing look, you will also want to grow plants in the ground around the pond.

If the ground gets wet from the waterfall’s splashes, you will need to grow plants suited to wet conditions. 

Appropriate plants for such an area are those that are aquatic. They tolerate growing in wet soil and can resist in other difficult conditions, like winter or wind.