Through this read you will learn how to grow poppies but first you should learn the historical contexte of this plant.
The mention of this most delicate flower is found in ancient Rome. According to one version, its Latin name Papaver comes from the word “papa”, which means “father”.
Moreover, many legends and beliefs are dedicated to this flower. One of them says: “When the Lord created all living things, peace and love reigned on earth.
And only one Night was unhappy. Trying to be loved, she did her best to illuminate her darkness with the help of the stars. But everyone repelled her. Then the Lord created the Dream with its dreams.
Now Night and Sleep have become welcome guests. Later, passions began to rage in people, and once, in a fit of his passions, one of the people decided to kill his brother.
The dream could not stop him, as numerous sins surrounded this man. Then the Dream got angry and stuck his rod into the ground, and the Night breathed life into it. This is how the poppy was born,
Poppy is a herbaceous plant . Maybe both annual and perennial. Belongs to the poppy family. In nature, there are about 100 species. Flowers are solitary, located on a high stem.
They can reach a height of 90 cm. Toothed leaves. They vary in size from narrow to wide from bottom to top. The root system goes deep into the soil.
When transplanting, it is difficult to take root in a new place. The color of the flowers is red, pink, white and purple. There are rare varieties of poppy with a blue color. The diameter of the flower can reach 20 cm. Before the bud opens, the stem straightens. After flowering, it gives fruit in the form of a box.
How To Grow Poppies
Poppies reproduce easily by self-seeding. Due to the peculiarities of the taproot, the transplant is poorly tolerated. Their seeds (annual and perennial) are sown in open ground in a permanent place in early spring.
It has very small seeds. Therefore, before sowing, it is advisable to wet them in water and mix with sand. And then sow to a depth of about 1 cm.After the shoots appear (usually after 8-10 days), they must be thinned out, leaving 10-20 cm between them.
Sometimes poppy is propagated by dividing the bush at the age of 3-4 years. Poppies are usually planted in rows in flower beds. Or in no particular order on the alpine slides.
In general, poppy is an unpretentious plant . But it does not tolerate a transplant. Therefore, it is better to immediately plant it in a permanent place.
It loves the sun, but withstands a little shade. Does not tolerate stagnant water, loves fertile soil. It can grow in one place for about 10 years.
Bushes grow strongly over the years. An adult plant can reach a height of 1 meter. It is advisable to tie the peduncles to the support. After flowering, the poppy loses its decorative effect, fruit-boxes appear, which give self-seeding. No special shelter is required for the winter.
Inexperienced gardeners, often thinking that It died after flowering, plant other plants in his place, thereby damaging the fragile root system.
How to Care for Poppies
It does not require special care. Often tolerates severe drought. Poorly tolerates stagnant moisture. Harvesting the set fruit boxes helps to prolong flowering. Dried leaves and stems must be cut off.
To control weeds, it is better to mulch the soil around the poppy. When the foliage turns yellow and the box is completely dry, it’s time to collect seeds.
Types and varieties of Poppies
There are many varieties of this flower in nature. Breeders also work tirelessly, and sometimes there are such specimens in which you do not immediately recognize the poppy itself. Different color, degree of terry, stem height, flower diameter – all this makes it unsurpassed and unique in its beauty.
Among perennial crops, oriental poppy ( Papaver orientale ) is often found . Very decorative flower of various colors. Unfortunately, in Russia this species is forbidden to grow (due to the content of oripavin in it, which is included in the official list of narcotic drugs).
The cultivation of oriental poppy can lead to administrative and even criminal liability.
Poppy seed ( P. rhoes ) – annual poppy. Reaches a height of 60-80 cm. Flowers from simple to double, up to 6 cm in diameter. Color can be different. It has many varieties.
Soporific poppy ( P. somniferum L. ). Also, it is forbidden to grow. Reaches a height of 120-140 cm. Flowers are large, with a diameter of 13 cm and more, there are simple and double, white, pink, orange, red, lilac, purple, violet.
Blooms in late June – in July, abundantly and effectively. Its flowers bloom early in the morning and fall off in the evening.
Meconopsis ( Blue / Himalayan Poppy ). This genus includes about 50 species and belongs to the Poppy family. It has a different color, but the most popular species are with dark blue and light blue flowers.
The Himalayas are considered the homeland. It can reach a height of 1 m. Unlike the usual specimen, its stamens are yellow, not black. The size of a flower can reach 10 cm in diameter.
The main difficulties of growing Poppies in the open field
Most of the reasons leading to the poor health of the plant are unfavorable weather conditions.
Quite often, poppy is affected by powdery mildew, which manifests itself as a whitish bloom on the surface of the leaves. Over time, they become covered with dark spots. When the first signs of this disease appear, it is necessary to carry out the treatment using a concentrated soda solution or store-bought products.
Of Pests it is worth noting the legume aphid, which leads to curling and death of leaves. She appears in June.
Poppies are also susceptible to powdery mildew disease. Diseased plants are stunted and lose their decorative effect.
Bronze beetles eat stamens and flower petals, and also damage leaves and stems. As a result of such an attack, the buds do not bloom, and the leaves wither.
The spider mite is also dangerous, which sucks juice from the leaves in hot weather.
So, if you dream of a sea of the most delicate and very vibrant flowers, pay attention to the poppy. The poppy bloom is an amazing sight. Undoubtedly, it will become a bright accent.
Despite the fact that its beauty is short-lived (many varieties bloom only one daylight hours), the blooming poppy will undoubtedly win the heart of anyone.
If you have more questions about How to grow poppies, do not hesitate to leave a comment.