Jade plants are succulents that don’t require much effort to grow, which is why people tend to plant them and use them to decorate their houses. They do need some specific care though, especially if they are grown indoors.
Luckily, we are here to provide you with all the information you need to know about how to propagate jade plant and take care of it.
Propagating Jade Plant
To Propagate Jade Plants or succulents, in general, does not require much effort nor huge knowledge. It is very easy and even beginners can do it right.
Some basic and necessary skills are required though, and we are going to explain it all in detail.
There are two main ways to propagate Jade Plant: using the cuttings, and using the leaves.
Propagating Jade plants with cuttings essentially means using the stems cuttings. And the other way as its name indicates means using the leaves cuttings. Of course, both methods will work.
However, there is a difference between the two; leaf cuttings are easier to work with than stem cuttings, but if you try them both you will notice that the leaf cuttings will take much longer to grow.
To propagate jade plant or any other succulents, regardless of their type, you first need to clean your equipment and sterilize it.
Why? Because you want to avoid fungus, insects, mold, and numerous other problems that will affect your plant. And we want your Jade plant to grow healthy with no difficulties.
Tools and Materials
To propagate Jade plant, you will need certain tools and materials:
- Sharp knife (You can use scissors if you don’t have one)
- Pot/ Container
- Healthy soil (Succulent or cactus soils are the best ones to propagate Jade plants)
- Parent plant
- Rooting hormone (Powder or liquid will both do the job)
- Paper towels
- Chopstick or a straw (you might even need two of them)
- Sandwich bags (Or any other plastic bag)
And, make sure to prepare your work space before starting. Propagating plants can usually get messy and you don’t want that to affect your work.
How To Propagate Jade Plant with Cuttings
Start by preparing the container or the pot you are using for your Jade plant and place soil in it.
After that, water the soil and leave it to drain. You can’t start planting before making sure your soil is well drained.
Pick a good branch of your parent Jade plant and cut it gently using your sharp knife or your scissors. Try to make your cut as close to a leaf node as possible.
Your cutting should be at least 3 or 4 inches long to be able to propagate more plants.
Cut the leaves from the bottom inch. This part is the one that is going to be planted into the soil.
Then, put your cutting in a dry place for 2 to 3 days until the cuts and leaves callous over. If they don’t, you can still wait few more days.
Now, take you dry cutting, and put some rooting hormone covering all of the bottom inch.
If you are using a powder rooting hormone, just moisten the bottom of the cutting a little bit so that it is able to stick.
The rooting hormone is actually optional but we highly recommend using it as it promotes root growth and helps your cutting grow into a healthy and strong plant.
Take your pre-moistened and drained soil and dig a small hole (about one inch deep) into it. You might want to use a pencil or a chopstick to do that.
Place your cutting into the hole and make sure to do it gently without taking off any of the rooting hormone.
Cover the hole by pressing some of the soil around the cutting. This will help the cutting to stick to the soil and stand on its own. If it is not the case, reinforce it with the help a straw or a chopstick.
Use your sandwich bag or any other plastic bag and place it on the top of the cutting. Be careful not to cover the whole cutting because it will prevent the loss of moisture.
If the plastic bag covers too much of the cutting, just use an extra chopstick or straw to hold it.
Once you start noticing condensation on the plastic bag, you know it is time to remove it.
Warmth and shade are important for your Jade plant to grow, which is why you should place it in an area with the right conditions.
All that’s left to do now is to watch your Jade plant grow, which will normally take about 3 to 4 weeks. After that, you can start removing it from the shade.
This step should be done gradually because your plant needs to build its tolerance towards the sun. Placing it on the windowsill right away will only result in sunburns.
How To Propagate Jade Plant with Leaves
Even though leaves are actually considered as cuttings too, the form of propagation using stems is the one called “propagation with cuttings”, while this one is called a “propagation with leaves”.
Both of the methods result in strong and healthy plants. Except that propagating Jade plants with cuttings takes less time and make the new plants grow quickly, while using the leaves is way easier and better for beginners.
Take your parent Jade plant and cut only the healthy and strong leaves from it using your sharp knife or your scissors.
Just like the stems, you need to fully dry the leaves and let them callous over.
Once the leaves are ready, put on some rooting hormone on the cut area to increase and fasten the root growth.
After you get your soil ready by moistening it, put the leaves on it.
That is pretty much everything you have to do! Now your plant is going to take time to be growing.
Dry conditions are important to fasten the propagation because it causes the roots to seek moisture in all directions.