Jade plants are succulents that don’t require much effort to grow, they’re one of the best plants to start with if you’ve never tried propagating plants before, which is why people tend to plant them and use them to decorate their houses. They do need some specific care though, especially if they are grown indoors.
Luckily, we are here to provide you with all the information you need to know about how to propagate jade plant and take care of it.
Propagating Jade Plant in Soil
Some basic and necessary skills are required though, and we are going to explain it all in detail.
There are two main ways to propagate jade plants: using the cuttings and using the leaves.
Propagating Jade plants with cuttings essentially means using the stems cuttings. And the other way as its name indicates means using the leaves cuttings. Of course, both methods will work.
However, there is a difference between the two; leaf cuttings are easier to work with than stem cuttings, but if you try them both you will notice that the leaf cuttings will take much longer to grow.
Stem or leaf cuttings: Whatever method you’re choosing for your jade plant propagation, we will walk you through all the steps you need.
What Time of Year is Best for Jade Plant Propagation?
There’s no specific right time for rooting jade plant cuttings, jade cuts require a warm, humid environment to grow roots. Therefore summer months are perfect for jade plants to be propagated.
Jade plants can be propagated easily during the hottest season of the year. Branches can sometimes break apart and develop roots without your assistance. But with proper conditions, you can grow new jade plants anytime throughout the year.
Tools and Materials For Plant Propagation
To propagate jade plant or any other succulents, regardless of their type, you first need to clean your equipment and sterilize it, rubbing alcohol will do the work.
Why? Because you want to avoid fungus, insects, mold, and numerous other problems that will affect your plant. And we want your jade plant to grow healthy with no difficulties.
To propagate jade plant, you will need certain tools and materials:
- Sharp knife (You can use scissors if you don’t have one)
- Pot/ Container
- Healthy soil (Succulent soil or cactus soil are the best ones to propagate Jade plants) but you can use general potting soil as well.
- Mature jade plant
- Rooting hormone (Powder or liquid will both do the job)
- Paper towels
- Chopstick or a straw (you might even need two of them)
- Sandwich bags (Or any other plastic bag)
And, make sure to prepare your workspace before starting. Propagating plants can usually get messy and you don’t want that to affect your work.
How To Propagate Jade Plant From Stem Cuttings
Step 1: How to take stem cuttings from a jade plant
Pick a good branch of your parent jade plant and cut the entire stem gently using your sharp knife or your scissors. Try to make your cut as close to a leaf node as possible.
Your stem cuttings should be at least 3 or 4 inches long to be able to propagate more plants.
Step 2: How to prepare your jade plant cutting
If the stem of your jade plant has leaves growing all the way down, remove a few leaves from the bottom inch. a jade plant cutting can root anywhere there is a leaf joint so it’s better to have as many of them as possible.
Let the jade cutting callous over
Jade cuttings need to be dried out to prevent rotting. This procedure generally lasts a few days. The larger the cutting is, the longer you should let it cure.
Put your jade cuttings in a dry place for 2 to 3 days until the cuts and leaves are callous over. If they don’t, you can still wait a few more days.
Once you’ve got them, it is possible to proceed either through soil or through water.
Step 3: Dust jade cuttings in rooting hormone
To root your jade cuttings in soil, take your dry cutting, and put some rooting hormone covering all of the bottom inches.
If you are using a powder rooting hormone, just moisten the bottom of the cutting a little bit so that it can stick.
The rooting hormone is actually optional but we highly recommend using it as it promotes root growth and helps your cutting grow into a healthy and strong plant.
Step 4: Prepare your container
Start by preparing the container or the pot you are using for your jade plant and place the soil in it.
After that, water the soil and leave it to drain. You can’t start planting before making sure your soil is well-drained.
Step 5: Make a hole in the soil for the stem cuttings
Take your pre-moistened and drained soil and dig a small hole (about one inch deep) into it. You might want to use a pencil or a chopstick to do that.
Step 6: Place your cutting
Place your stem cutting into the hole and make sure to do it gently without taking off any of the rooting hormone.
Step 7: Cover the hole
Cover the hole by pressing some of the soil around the stem cutting. This will help the cutting to stick to the soil and stand on its own. If it is not the case, reinforce it with the help of a straw or a chopstick.
Step 8: Get rid of any moisture
Use your sandwich bag or any other plastic bag and place it on the top of the cutting. Be careful not to cover the whole cutting because it will prevent the loss of moisture.
If the plastic bag covers too much of the cutting, just use an extra chopstick or straw to hold it.
Once you start noticing condensation on the plastic bag, you know it is time to remove it.
Step 9: Move your jade cutting to a protected area
Warmth and shade are important for your jade plant to grow, which is why you should place it in an area with the right conditions.
All that’s left to do now is to watch your jade plant grow, which will normally take about 3 to 4 weeks. After that, you can start removing it from the shade.
This step should be done gradually because your plant needs to build its tolerance towards the sun. Placing it on the windowsill right away will only result in sunburns.
How To Propagate Jade Plant From Leaves
Even though leaves are actually considered as cuttings too, the form of propagation using stems is the one called “propagation with cuttings”, while this one is called a “propagation with leaves”.
You can start a jade plant with even one single leaf.
Both of the methods result in strong and healthy plants. Except that propagating Jade plants with cuttings takes less time and makes the new plants grow quickly, while using the leaves is way easier and better for beginners.
Step 1: How to take a leaf cutting
Take your parent jade plant and cut only the healthy and strong leaves from it using your sharp knife or your scissors.
Make sure to get the entire leaf when you cut it off, If the bottom part is broken off of the leaf, it won’t root.
Step 2: How to prepare your Jade leaf
Just like the stems, you should give your leaf cuttings some time for healing, you need to fully dry the leaves and let them callous over.
Step 3: Dust your jade leaves in rooting hormone
Once the healthy leaves are ready, put on some rooting hormone on the cut area to increase and fasten the root growth.
Step 4: Root your jade leaves in soil
After you get your soil ready by moistening it, put the leaves on it.
That is pretty much everything you have to do! Now your plant is going to take time to be growing.
Dry conditions are important to fasten the propagation because it causes the roots to seek moisture in all directions.
Propagating Jade Plant in Water
One of the most popular methods for propagating a jade plant is by using the water method. It’s often faster and easier, and you also get to see how the roots are growing
Can you root jade plant cuttings in water?
The answer is yes, jade plants can be rooted in water, you can put the dry stem cutting in a glass of water, and set it into indirect sunlight.
Don’t forget to change out the water once or twice a week, and once the roots have grown around two inches, you can re-pot your plant.
You can do the water method for your leaf cuttings. It tends to be more troublesome since you have to come up with ways of keeping the leaves upright.
For your leaf cuttings, you can use the water method as well. but you have to figure out a way to keep the leaves upright. One way to do that is using toothpicks to suspend the leaf.
How to care for jade plants?
Whatever method you chose to propagate your jade plant, It would take a while for roots to begin to emerge. But once your new plants have successfully rooted and been repotted (if needed), here are the things you need to know on how to keep them alive and thriving.
Light – How much light do Jade plants Need?
Jade plants need lots of bright, and direct sunlight to grow. With three to four hours of direct sunlight every day, your plant should prosper well.
Note: Give your plant some time to adjust to the sunny new environment, if it was not grown in direct sun.
Temperature – What is the best room temperature for your Jade plant?
Jade plants like it a bit warm, as they grow best at room temperature (65° to 75°F / 18° to 24°C), with cooler temperatures at night and in the winter (55°F / 13°C).
We recommend keeping your jade plants as warm as possible, during winter, make sure to keep them dry and avoid frost at all costs, by moving them away from cold windows and keeping them out of drafty areas.
Soil – What is the best type of soil to use for potting your Jade plant?
Jade prefers good soil, neutral soil, a light environment with good drainage. A well-drained soil allows the movement of the soil to enable plants to grow freely without limitations.
Watering – How to water your Jade plants properly?
The jade plant is succulent and needs to be watered according to the environment where you keep your plant. For example, during the summer months, you may need to water it more than once a week. But, make sure that you let the soil dry out between waterings.
In the fall and winter, the jade plant may slow or pause growth, which means it will require little water during this period. Allow the soil to completely dry out between waterings and avoid overwatering. Your plant may only need one or two waterings throughout its dormancy period.
If your jade’s leaves look wrinkly, it indicates that the plant needs more water.
Fertilizing – How often you should fertilize your Jade plant?
Jade plants don’t require high levels of nutrients and shouldn’t be fed excessively. However adding a small amount of fertilizer will help promote growth during the growing season (spring, summer, and fall).
Some people advise fertilizing frequently during the growing season, while others suggest fertilizing only once during that season.
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