During the last few years, the Monstera Thai Constellation has become somewhat of a phenomenon. Besides its increasing popularity, it is by now a must find in most indoor spaces, from offices and waiting rooms to homes and galleries, the Constellation Monstera plant is a craze of its own. What makes the plant a favorite for many is its ease of care, beautiful splotches over the leaves, and instantly recognizable shape. The Thai Constellation Monstera is not only a convenient plant but also a basic for any planting or backyard botany aficionados.
Monstera is a popular indoor plant that is easy to grow and propagate. Learn how to propagate Monstera Thai Constellation with our easy-to-follow beginner’s guide.
What is Monstera Thai Constellation?
The Thai Constellation Monstera is a mostly decorative foliage plant, and more precisely a yellow to white variegated variety of the Monstera deliciosa. The parent plant was first created in lab conditions by Costa Farms in Thailand. It originated from a tissue culture containing a genetic mutation, which causes the patches of coloring. The variegated foliage and the large heart-shaped leaves are the main characteristics of the Monstera deliciosa.
The Thai Constellation is a spreading plant, generally easy-to-grow, and does not require much maintenance. The plant produces large leaves with splashes of yellow creamy coloring against the base color, hence the constellation.
Different types of Monsteras
The Monstera plant comes in several varieties. Each one differs in terms of leaf size, degree of foliage variegation, and the size of leaf fenestration. The most common variety is by far the Monstera Deliciosa, the parent of the Monstera Thai constellation, but there are also other varieties available.
For example, the Monstera Borsigniana is also a very common variety and is often sold as a Monstera deliciosa, due to the vast similarities between the two plants. This variety can grow faster than a Monstera deliciosa
The Monstera Variegata is also a similar variety, distinguished mainly by the increased degree of foliage variegation. These can exhibit much larger splotches of yellow-white coloring and are harder to find.
These are different from the Monstera Adansonii, which is more of a specialty plant. This Monstera variation exhibits larger holes and smaller leaves. This is often compared to a Monstera Obliqua but is quite different. The leaves of a Monstera Obliqua are very thin, but the same size as a regular Monstera deliciosa, and exhibit larger holes.
How To Care for Monstera Thai Constellation
Although the Thai Constellation Monstera, as well as its parent plant, became popular mainly because of the ease of care. But like most plants, better care is always preferred.
Generally, Monstera constellation plants can grow in areas with moderate climate; 18 to 32 degrees Celsius (65 to 90 Fahrenheit), with humidity levels ranging between 60 and 80 percent. Light is by far the most essential need for the growth of a Constellation Monstera plant.
The more accurate you care for a Thai Constellation Plant, the better color and leaves conditions it will have. As is true with most all Monstera types, a Thai Constellation Monstera requires specific conditions for its growth. Monstera Constellation plants have specific requirements in terms of light, soil pH, and watering.
Features of the Monstera Thai Constellation Plant
The Monstera Thai constellation plant is a variegated plant, recognized by the white-yellow coloring on the foliage, the large heart-shaped and fenestrated leaves. The splashes of coloring on a Thai Constellation Monstera are signs of a lack of chlorophyll.
As such, these variegated areas cannot harness energy from sunlight. What happens instead is that the green areas (which for most Thai Constellation Monstera plants make up about 50 % of the leaves) harvest all the energy required by the plant. It is no surprise that Monstera Thai Constellation plants require more sunlight than most plants, despite their lack of chlorophyll-rich areas.
How To Propagate Monstera Thai Constellation
As slow-growing indoor plants, it usually takes a Monstera Constellation plant up to 2 years to fully mature. However, a specialty of Monstera Thai Constellation plants with variegated leaves is that they cannot grow from seeds. There are different ways to propagate Monstera thai constellation plants whether by layering stems or parts of plants. Seeds can produce the plant, but they will still require parts of the stems of leaves to produce the same variegated coloring. There are several ways to propagate Monstera Thai Constellation plants, most of which consist of cutting a part of the plant, the stem, and the node. and re-rooting it in a new environment.
Pruning and grooming
Monstera Thai Constellation plants are usually low maintenance, as they don’t require much care or pruning. You can prune a Monstera Constellation plant when the foliage is too large, or get rid of dead leaves. Monstera plants can be pruned only once a year, as they are generally slow-growing plants. It is recommended to use special pruning tools and gloves, as some parts of Monstera roots can cause skin irritations.
It’s also recommended to wipe dusty leaves, preferably using microfiber dusting gloves, or to mist the plant using a water spray. In dry conditions, the edge of the leaves will turn brown and crisp. This can be countered by misting the aerial roots.
This is one of the most common ways to propagate Monstera Thai constellation, as it provides better visibility of the roots as they grow. This method however may take longer than others as the plants will have a shock when taken out of the soil and may not get all the required nutrients.
This method is fairly similar to soil propagation, except that the plant’s node is dipped in water. This water should be changed when the level drops. This usually takes 3 to 4 days but depends on several conditions. It will usually take about a month for the roots to grow.
This process is a little delicate and requires some attention to detail. The first step is to cut a healthy stem, with aerial roots, below the node using sterilized shears. It is preferable to remove the leaves from the cut part leaving one or two leaves. Afterward, the cut end is dipped in rooting hormone to stimulate growth and avoid stem rot. A nursery pot is then filled with potting mix. This is where the cut part of the plant will be placed, with the node under the soil. The plant is then watered and covered with a polythene bag to lock in humidity, and placed in an area with bright indirect light. The plastic bag should be removed once in a few days, allowing the plant to breathe. It’s also very important to check water levels and ensure the plant is always moist. This method will usually take up to 5 weeks.
Propagation using wet sticks
Wet sticks are one of the best budget-friendly ways to propagate Monstera Thai Constellation plants. They can be purchased online for a reasonable price. Wet sticks are essentially stems with nodes, and can be grown into a full plant. The degree of variegation, as well as the particular pattern, can be seen in the markings on the stem cuttings.
This method usually combines sphagnum moss or perlite to keep the soil warm and prevent it from being dense. The best wet sticks are cut from the top or the middle section of the plant. This method consists of the same process of placing the cutting in the soil mixture and covering it with a plastic bag (preferably with slits to ensure better air circulation), which should be removed after a few days. With this method, the plant can take up to a few months to grow roots.
Propagation through stem cutting
You can also propagate Monstera Thai Constellation plants using stem cuttings. This is rather similar to propagating using wet sticks, as they both rely on nodes to root the plant, but differ in some key aspects. To do this, the first step is to cut a plant from a fully grown Monstera plant. The stem cutting should have at least one node and one leaf. It is best to avoid using a soil mixture to propagate the plant from stem cuttings, as this can cause rot. Instead, sphagnum moss and perlite are often used for this process, as they can hold medium moisture without causing it to be dense.
As in most propagation methods, the node should be covered, but the stem should not be placed too deep inside the sphagnum mixture (or medium). Humidity, warmth, and brightness are the main requirements for this process. As such a medium or large plastic bag is used to cover the medium, without contact with the leaf. High moisture levels require less watering. Check weekly to make sure the stem cuttings and the medium are sufficiently watered, but not overwatered.
Propagation by Sphagnum Moss (Air Layering)
Sphagnum moss is the optimal medium to propagate Monstera Thai Constellation plants and is often relied on in many propagation methods. Air layering is not different in that regard. The first step is to cut below the stem of a leaf. This is done by locating a node and cutting it below it. The stem is then placed in damp sphagnum moss and wrapped in plastic.
The wrapped stem should be secured with string or twine, without restricting its airflow. The aim is to keep the sphagnum moss damp for a few months until aerial roots begin to grow. Make sure to spray the sphagnum moss with water every few days and then rewrap it. When the roots are around an inch (2.54 cm) or longer, you can cut off the stem, and plant the node in a new pot, providing the newly rooted cuttings with adequate conditions.
Propagation by Separation
This method consists of separating the Monstera into two plants by dividing the roots. Before doing this, make sure to water the plant and let the soil dry. The plant is then removed from the pot, to divide the roots.
A pair of sterilized shears should be used to cut the roots into two equal parts. Make sure to leave the stems, nodes, and leaves intact. You can then place each plant into a new pot with clean soil and sufficient space. The plant should then be provided with the requisite conditions, in terms of light and water, to grow
Is there anything specific to consider?
When propagating Monstera plants, depending on the method, the leaves should be dusted regularly, otherwise, it can impact the plant’s light intake. Also, deep pots are often better, as the plant grows deep roots. In case the leaves turn brown around the tip, make sure to cut off the tip along with the shape of the leaf.
Monstera Thai constellation problems
Similar in appearance to any other household plant Monstera Thai constellation also has an increased risk of pest and disease infection. Generally speaking, you should check your plants regularly. Please take the time every week to look around the house and garden. Put leaves in the ground and look for pest infestation. Changes in the color of foliage may signal a serious problem. check out more about the common problems with the monstera thaï constellation.