Zebra plant succulent (Haworthia) is a charming and delightful little succulent. It makes your small houseplant look very glamorous.
These small, low growing plants form rosettes of fleshy green leaves that are generously covered with white, pearly warts or bands, are unique and eye-catching.
They’re generally easy to grow. The same operation that produces healthy Aloe Vera and echeveria plants will also produce beautiful Haworthia.
Just like any other succulents, these plants require bright light, suitable moisture in the summer, and drier conditions in the winter.
Don’t let them dry out too much, but also avoid overwatering them.
- Botanical Name: Haworthia
- Current Name: Pearl plant, Zebra Cactus, Star Window Plant, Cushion Aloe
- Plant Style: Succulent
- Adult Measurement: Differs by species, three to five inches, up to 20 inches
- Sun-exposure: Part sun
- Soil Style: Sandy
- Soil pH: 6.6 to 7.5
- Bloom Time: Summertime
- Flower Color: White
- Hardiness Zones: 11
- Native Spot: Southern Africa
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How to Grow & Care For Zebra Plant Succulent
Zebra plant succulent is not a hard houseplant to grow, if you can take care of a pot of aloe on a windowsill, you can easily do the same with Haworthia plant.
Just like all succulents, try to avoid too much watering, since they do not require much water under any circumstances, otherwise you’ll lose your wonderful plants.
What is more interesting is that these little decorative plants can be grown in different containers like teacups, and even miniature baby shoes.
However, if you’re keeping your Zebra plant succulent in such pots, make sure the container enables water to drain.
If it doesn’t, you’ll need to take the plant out of its container and add a layer of gravel to the bottom to decrease the wicking action of the soil above. And as a final step, get rid of sunburn spots on your plants.
Like other types of succulents, Haworthia needs to be put in bright light, but not direct sunlight. Which means that they grow in similar conditions to other succulents.
They usually need to grow in their native environment, often found in the shade of a rock.
Better keep them in a room with a window that provides bright light, only for a few hours a day.
If you see white or yellow leaves, it usually means that they had extra sun, which is not good! Also, if the plant isn’t getting enough light, its green color will blemish.
During summer, if you move your Zebra Plant succulent outdoors to get some sun, try to ease the plant into less direct light per day or, like a human, it may get a sunburn, or even die.
For the soil, you can use a cactus mix or very fast-draining potting soil. Some planters warn that mixing potting soil with sand suffocates the pores, which blocks the soil from draining as well.
Which means you need to avoid using sand. Instead, mix with aquarium gravel, perlite, or pumice.
If you are looking for more information about Perlite and the difference between the potting soil and potting mix you can check our previous posts about them: What Is Perlite? – Potting Soil or Potting Mix.
In the summer, water your plants evenly and generously, and while doing so, let the soil media dry out between watering. However, in winter, reduce watering to once a month. And never let water gather in the rosette.
Temperature and Humidity
Zebra plant succulent as we said earlier requires warmer temperatures in the summer but cool in the winter (down to 50 degrees Fahrenheit).
They can survive a freezing temperature up to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. However, avoid putting your Haworthia plant in humidity.
What it does require is good ventilation, mostly at night when they absorb carbon dioxide for photosynthesis.
What you need to do is to use a fan to keep air circulating so your Haworthia can breathe.
You can fertilize your plants during the summer growing season using a cactus fertilizer. However, avoid feeding them during the winter.
Potting and Repotting
Haworthia species are small (usually between 3 and 5 inches in height) and they also grow slowly.
They are often planted in small clusters in wide, and superficial dishes. As the mother plant gives birth to small plantlets, after a period of time, the tiny clusters will naturally grow up.
You need to change the pots of your plants in the spring or early summer into a new superficial and wide container with fresh potting soil, when the cluster has outgrown its container.
This also means the time to take offsets so that the plants propagate.
Zebra plant succulent is like all the other succulent plants in term of potting and transplanting, you can find here the ultimate guide to potting your succulents.
Propagating Zebra plant succulent
At repotting time, using offsets from the mother plant, Haworthia can be propagated.
When taking offsets off, use a pointy knife or snippers and cut as close to the mother stem as possible to include as many roots as possible.
After that, allow the offset to dry for a moment before repotting it (similar to cuttings from other succulents).
Then, using the same soil as the mother plant, you can put the offsets in a small pot. And as a final step, you can put it in a warm, bright spot, and make sure to adequately water them.
Varieties of Zebra Plant Succulent
There are about 80 different types of Zebra plant succulent, but they’re hard to classify from best to worst.
The size of the leaves and the orientation of the white markings on them are the main difference between the common species.
All in all, what we advise is to buy the most charming, and eye-catching set based on leaf form, as well as markings, as they all have the same cultural features.
You can look for these:
It is also called the Pearl Plant, is a clumping species. It features white speckles on its tentacle-like leaves. A very fleshy plant that offsets freely from the base, has warty white projections on the leaves.
It features horizontal white stripes and is sometimes called the zebra Haworthia, It has thick, dark green leaves with white horizontal stripes on the surface of the leaves. the within of the leaves are swish.
It has “tufted” edges to the leaves, it is quite simple in cultivation, may need a lot of shade protection against direct daylight. Propagation is typically done by seeds.
This plant features long, pointed green leaves, comes in many sorts. This species vary from solid green with solely little white bumps forms to heavily white horizontal banded forms, and conjointly individual clump that has broad, serious horizontal stripes can typically throw off a pup with simply bumps, or some are drum sander, knobbier, etc., and vice-versa.